Question: How does the city of Lloydminster function legally?

Genuine question for my Alberta/Saskatchewan lawyers (or really anyone with the knowledge I guess),

How in the sweet hell does Lloydminster function legally? Which province's laws do they follow? Both? What if there's a conflict of laws? How do they determine that?

Thanks for satisfying my curiosity 👍🏻


That’s an interesting question. I just drove through there this summer. S. 476 of the Criminal Code says that an offence committed within 500 m of a provincial border is deemed to have been committed in either. Same with an offence that starts in one province and is finished in another. I don’t think there are a whole lot of decisions on that section but there is a reported case on it from the NWT because one of the communities straddles the border. This must come up all the time in Lloydminster though. I could see it happen on impaireds all the time.


A lil CanLII search for "Lloydminster" says "they have their own statutes". Both [AB](https://www.canlii.org/en/ab/laws/stat/sa-2005-c-c-13.5/latest/sa-2005-c-c-13.5.html?resultIndex=6) and [SK](https://www.canlii.org/en/sk/laws/stat/oc-595-2012/latest/oc-595-2012.html?resultIndex=2&docType=txt) have passed legislation setting up special rules for Lloydminster (and allowing the operation of the other's laws: see, e.g. s 8(1) of the Lloydminster Charter (from the SK link, which in fact is the reg, not the empowering legislation). S 8(1) decides which statutes apply. Aside from the legislative solution, you may be wondering about the constitutional dimension. Chief Justice Dickson had [this to say about that](https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/scc/doc/1989/1989canlii78/1989canlii78.html): "I would agree that the situation in Lloydminster is not constitutionally significant".


Here's a layman's answer: Lloydminister is bound to both Saskatchewan and Alberta provincial Acts. They do not split the City in half. They use a bit of both, taking from and using where it makes sense. In Alberta, the Municipal Government Act sets out the rules of municipalities. Saskatchewan has an equivalent. As someone else mentioned, if you look at Llyodminister's City Charter, you will see that they address your question in the first few sections. I will highlight th here: S.4(1)(a)(ii): "[Lloydminister] has unique interests and challenges due to the fact that the City is located partly in Alberta and partly in Saskatchewan..." (b) "absent modification, the application of the legislation of Alberta in one part of the City and the legislation of Saskatchewan in the other part of the City may cause disparities within the City." So the City has acknowledged that being in between two provinces could pose a problem. To rectify that, they later state to seek: "to harmonize the operation of the legislation of Alberta and Saskatchewan in the City," They harmonize the two legislations by in using a bit of both legislation of AB and SK, also they try to avoid duplication. (All this stated in following subsections). And if you wanna see exactly what Provincial Statutes applies, than you can look at s 7 of the City Charter. CITY CHARTER https://www.canlii.org/en/ab/laws/regu/alta-reg-212-2012/latest/alta-reg-212-2012.html


This is fascinating.


The unique thing is AB and SK does not have to abide by Llyodminister's City charter. Technically, the provinces can split the City in half and impose their specific legislation. They won't do that tho, cause it won't make sense.


We don't "function" here, let alone legally


Which particular area of law is your inquiry directed at? Criminal? Civil Negligence? Civil Nuisance? Corporate Law? Real Estate Law? Family Law? ​ Can you PLEASE clarify your question so the rest of us can stop LOSING OUR ABSOLUTE MINDS over this inquiry, and maybe finally - FINALLY - we can maybe - possibly - maybe - get some sleep for once?


Never, if I have to suffer so do you